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At Home Learning

CAMERAS

A camera obscura, or pinhole camera, shows an image on one side of a screen projected through a small hole as a reversed and inverted image on an opposite flat surface. These cameras played an important role in the invention of photography that many of us use every day.

Make your own camera obscura following the directions in the photo and test out your photography skills!

CAR PAINTING

There are many ways for us to travel and see new places. You can walk, ride a bike, drive a car, take a bus or a train, or fly on an airplane! The first American passenger train was invented in 1830 by Peter Cooper and was able to take people all over the country by railroad! Then, the first mass produced car that was cheap enough for Americans to buy was invented in 1903 by Henry Ford and was called the Model T. Trains and cars were used often to help people travel to see new states, visit family, and start new jobs and adventures across the United States. When the airplane was invented by the Wright Brothers in 1913, people could go even farther and faster! Go on a scavenger hunt and see how much you can find!

Make your own art using toy cars and paint! Drive your car around leaving paint trails on paper. The wheels make the car move and leave great designs in your art!

EARTH'S ECOSYSTEMS

An ecosystem is a community of living things found in a particular area. It includes plants, animals, insects, and even fungi. There are several types of ecosystems such as deserts, forests, rainforests, oceans, grasslands, and the tundra.

Using supplies you have at home, make your own, make your own ecosystem! Be sure to include the animals included in the food web of that ecosystem. Information on ecosystems is available below and feel free to do your own research to learn even more about the many ecosystems on Earth!

FUN WITH MATH

Math is very important everyday and can be anywhere! You can measure the area of your bedroom, count the number of steps in your school, determine how far you run from one end of the playground to the other, and more.

Using the worksheets below, see how much math you can do in your own home. Venture outside to see what other kind of math problems you can solve including the examples above!

GREAT DEPRESSION COOKING

Try out a full meal from the 1930s including bean soup, cornbread, and apple pie pudding. The recipes are available below. What is the same or different from what you usually eat for dinner? Do you like it better or worse?

MARS ROVER - MAKER CHALLENGE

A Mars rover is a motor vehicle that travels across the surface of the planet Mars upon arrival. The rovers are searching for evidence of ancient life and ancient water to show that Mars may have been habitable. NASA scientists guide the rovers across the surface of the planet in search of fossils, soils, and other evidence that can provide information on possible previous life forms on Mars. NASA has studied Mars since the 1970s and there have been four successful journeys to the planet via rovers.

Using supplies you have at home, make your own rover to see what you can discover about Earth by exploring your backyard! Bonus points if you can make it move on its own.

PACK A PIONEER WAGON

Many pioneers traveled to Texas from other parts of the United States before and after Texas became the 28th state. Pioneers would pack large wagons full of the items they would need for the journey and to start a new life in Texas.

Using the information sheet below, successfully pack your own pioneer wagon to travel to Texas. Be sure you have everything your family needs but don't overload the wagon. You can also make your own wagon using items you have at home!

PYRAMIDS

The Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt was built in 2500 BC and is the burial place for King Khufu from the Fourth Egyptian Dynasty. It contains over 2 million stone blocks, was 480 feet tall at its completion, and its base spans 13 acres! The stones were dragged up each layer by large wooden ramps and were cut down using copper chisels. The pyramid is one of several pyramids at Giza, which are the only remaining of the Seven Wonders of the Word.

Make your own pyramid using supplies you have at home or the worksheet provided below. Be creative!

STRATIGRAPHY

Archaeologists use a form of study called stratigraphy to determine how old the artifacts they found are. The Earth is split into different layers, called strata, and the farther down in the strata the artifact is found, the older it is!

Make your own strata graph showing where artifacts were discovered. First, make a few different layers of strata. You can use colored craft sand, dirt from your yard, glitter, or even dyed salt. Then, using the artifacts available below, put each one in the correct strata based on its age. Finally, label the layers by date and decorate the surface.

THE WATER CYCLE

The water cycle is a very important part of life here on Earth. Everyday, the sun evaporates water from the Earth’s surface. Evaporation happens when the sun’s heat turns water from a liquid to a gas. The water is evaporated into the atmosphere and as more and more water evaporates, clouds are formed. Once the clouds become too full of moisture, they need to release it. This moisture falls back to the Earth as precipitation, which is most commonly rain here in Texas. The precipitation that falls will gather together in lakes, rivers, and in the ground. This will all eventually be evaporated again to continue the never ending cycle of Earth’s water!


Make a water cycle mobile using colored construction paper and the template below. Did you know you can also make a self-contained water cycle by adding water to a bag and hanging it in a window that faces the sun? Try it out!

WHAT TO DO NOW?

During WWI, the American economy was booming as it sent much needed supplies and food to the European countries. After the war ended, the American people continued to experience prosperity and many people bought cars, washing machines, vacuums, telephones, and even stocks in companies to earn a profit. However, this booming market eventually popped leading to the Great Depression of the 1930s. During this time, many people were unable to find work, pay their bills, or buy the things their families needed. It was not until a new president brought economic reforms and the start of a new war economy that the depression ended.

Life was hard during this time for all families. Changes needed to be made in family budgets to be sure that bills could be paid, groceries and clothing could be bought, and a savings account could be rebuilt. Using the budget game cards and sheet available here, see if you can make the correct adjustments to help the families make it through the depression years.

WINDMILLS

Windmills convert wind into energy that can be used to power machines on farms and also provide electricity to homes and businesses.

It sure is windy here in Central Texas! Can you build a windmill of your own using supplies you have at home?
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